How to Determine Skin Type?

Each person’s skin types are different. For this reason, the care and needs of each skin type differ. If you want your skin to look healthy, well-groomed and vibrant, you should take care of your skin. First of all, you need to find out what your skin type is.

Skin types are generally divided into 5: dry skin, oily skin, combination skin, normal skin and sensitive skin. The oil and sebum ratio in your skin is an indicator of what type of skin you have. External effects such as humidity, temperature and wind can also be effective in the formation of your skin type or in the change of skin types. For example, your skin is dry, but due to the humidity and hot weather, your skin may turn into oily skin over time.

Skin Types

There are multiple types of skin types. Some skins are smooth, while others are prone to blemishes and blackheads. The better we know about them, the easier and more accurately we can maintain them. In general, skin types are examined under 5 main headings: dry skin, oily skin, combination skin, normal skin and sensitive skin.

Dry skin:

Dry skin is the most easily understood skin type. It has the lowest sebum rate. Your skin is pale in color, causing an overall tense appearance. You get problems with peeling, exfoliation, cracking a lot, especially in winter. Your skin will wrinkle faster than other skin types.

Oily skin:

Oily skin is the most problematic skin type. Because the excess oil content on the skin causes acne, blackheads, enlargement of pores and redness. They produce excess sebum, so the skin stays moist all the time. When cared for properly, it is the healthiest looking skin type. People with oily skin type should prefer to use high-moisture and water-based products.

Combination Skin:

It is the most common type of skin. Some areas of the skin are dry, while others are oily or normal. In general, the forehead, nose and chin area tends to be oily. People with combination skin type are more likely to have skin blemishes.

Normal Skin:

If you have normal skin, you are lucky because it is a skin type that is very easy to care for. Your skin’s sebum rate is balanced. Your skin is lively, smooth, you will not have any pore problems. In people with normal skin type, signs of aging and wrinkles do not appear immediately. In order not to spoil this flawless structure, you should buy and use products suitable for your skin.

Sensitive Skin:

Sensitive skin types require constant attention and care. It can be immediately affected by humidity, temperature, wind and sun rays. People with sensitive skin exposed to such external factors experience problems such as redness, tightness, itching and dryness. In order to protect the skin barrier on sensitive skin, specially produced products with clean ingredients should be used. You can take precautions against sensitive skin problems by using natural sunscreen products against sun factors .

How is Skin Type Analysis Performed?

First of all, you should know the characteristics of skin types very well. Thus, you can easily understand which group your skin type belongs to and use products suitable for your skin. You can have your skin type analyzed at home or in a reliable and hygienic beauty salon. Getting your skin type test done right is very important. If your skin type is tested incorrectly, you will use products that are not suitable for your skin, and this can cause serious problems on your skin. For example, if the product you use is not suitable for your skin, your skin will react to this situation, either too oily or too dry.

If there are serious problems on your skin, such as irritation, redness, blemishes, excessive dryness, your skin analysis should be done by a specialist, but it is not a problem to test your skin type yourself while buying products such as face wash gel, skin mask, moisturizer, body lotion suitable for your skin. So how do we analyze skin types at home? At this point, we can get help from skin type measuring tapes. These bands are similar to band-aids. It allows you to get information about skin types in a short time.

Skin type measuring tapes are applied to each region separately because the fat ratio of each region is not the same. Before starting the analysis, you should clean your face with your routine face wash and wait for your skin to dry. After this stage, do not apply products such as moisturizers or serums to your skin. Press and stick the measuring tape to the area to be tested, wait about 10 minutes. At the end of the period, you will have performed this analysis according to the state of the measuring tape. If you don’t want to use a measuring tape, you can also use this method.

Touch the cheeks, forehead, chin and nose areas of your skin with your fingertips, if your sebum ratio is high, your skin is oily. If the sebum rate is low, it is normal, if it is very low, it is dry, if it varies regionally, your skin is mixed. You can use these methods in daily life, but if you want to have a detailed and healthy skin analysis, you should get help from a reliable dermatologist or experts in beauty salons.

Skin Type Care Recommendations:

We learned the types of skin types, we analyzed it, it’s time to see how we can meet the needs of our skin in the most appropriate way in the light of this information. It is very important to use products suitable for your skin, for example, if your skin is dry, if you experience exfoliation, if you have cracks, you should choose products with high moisture content.

Recommendations for Dry Skin:

Moisture is very important for dry skin. You should definitely add products containing high moisture to your skin care routine. You can also use products such as coconut oil, olive oil, aloe vera, which have a high moisturizing effect. You should use a facial cleansing product suitable for your skin. Also, dry skin is very sensitive to the sun. That’s why you should use sunscreen for all seasons.

Recommendations for Oily Skin:

People with oily skin may experience shine problems. However, if you create a routine that suits your skin, this problem disappears. You should clean your skin using water-based facial cleansers that do not contain oil and cream. Oily skin may experience pore problems, you can use pore tightening products to prevent this.

Recommendations for Combination Skin:

The most important detail in combination skin is the correct selection of the products we need to apply according to the areas of the skin. Face wash gels or moisturizers produced for combination skin remove the oiliness in the t-zone and keep the u-area moist.

Care Recommendations for Sensitive Skin:

We need to be careful about sensitive skin. For example, perfumed face washes, moisturizers, etc. may irritate the skin. You should wash and dry your skin gently with light buffering movements, not by rubbing. You must protect your skin against external factors, and you must use sunscreen cream in all seasons. You should apply your skin care routine regularly. Your diet is also very important, especially you should stay away from hot and spicy foods.

In this article, we talked about skin types and how we should do our skin care routine. If we do not use the right product, we can have serious problems with our skin. For example, acne, blackheads and irritation, excessive oiliness.

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